Annotated Bibliography of
Nonviolent Action Training

 
 

The following bibliography contains basic training resources for those who engage in nonviolent action training. We are adding to our material in many languages as quickly as we can. However, at this time most of our resources are in English.



This bibliography DOES NOT include resources for trainers that can be easily found elsewhere such as case studies, nonviolence or political theory, decision-making, or nonviolence as a "way of life".

We welcome suggestions to expand the bibliography below. With your help, it could include many more materials from around the world and its major languages. Please mail or e-mail your suggestions to the address below. Updated versions will appear in the forthcoming International Directory for Nonviolent Action Trainers, and then posted as a permanent retrievable database on the Internet. Special thanks to April Carter and Michael Randle for their bibliographies as common predecessors to this bibliography, dating from the 1970s. Publications with no contact information are available from Nonviolence International (NI) and the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) libraries. "Out of print" and hard-to-find publications are available from Nonviolence International at a cost of US$0.25 per page, including postage. An asterisk ("*") designates a recommended resource. 


Table of Contents

Basic Resource Organizations and People Links:

FPC (Friends Peace Committee), Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, Society of Friends, 1515 Cherry St., Philadelphia PA 19102 U.S.A., tel: 215-241-7232, fax: 567-2096.

FOR (Fellowship of Reconciliation), Box 271 (521 N. Broadway), Nyack, NY 10960, tel: (914) 358-4601, fax:358-4924, <fornatl@igc.org>, http://www.nonviolence.org/for/

IFOR (International Fellowship of Reconciliation), Spoorstr. 38, 1815 BK Alkmaar, Netherlands, tel: 31 72-123014, fax: 151102, <ifor@gn.apc.org>,  http://www.gn.apc.org/ifor/

Dion Lerman, P.O. Box 1526, Philadelphia, PA 19105. Oft cited resource for nonviolent action training materials.

MNS (Movement for a New Society), Defunct. Materials available from Lynne Shivers, see below.

NI (Nonviolence International), P.O. Box 39127 Washington, DC 20016, tel: 202-244-0951, fax: 202-244-6396, <nonviolence@igc.apc.org>,  http://www.igc.org/nonviolence/

NSP (New Society Publishers), originally the press for the Movement for New Society, 4527 Philadelphia, PA, 19143 U.S.A., tel: 800-333-9093, fax: 215-222-1993, <newsociety@igc.apc.org>, provides a remarkable array of resources on nonviolent action. Free catalogue.

PBI (Peace Brigades International), International Office- % Caledonian Road, London N1 9DX, U.K., tel: (44) 171-713-0392, fax: (44) 171-837-2290, <pbiio@gn.apc.org>, http://www.igc.apc.org/pbi/index.html

Lynne Shivers, 341 1st Ave., Deptford, NJ 08096, tel: 609-374-0395. Veteran trainer and major repositor of materials particularly from Movement for a New Society (MNS), and the Delaware Valley Nonviolence Training Collective.

Training Center Workshops, c/o George Lakey, 4719 Springfield Ave., Philadelphia PA, 19143, U.S.A., tel: 215-729- 7458. < peacelearn@igc.apc.org>

WRL (War Resisters League), 339 Lafayette St., New York, NY 10012 U.S.A.,              tel: 212-228-0450, fax: 212-228-6193, <wrl@igc.apc.org>,  http://www.nonviolence.org/wrl/
 

WRI (War Resisters International), 5 Caledonian Rd., London N1, U.K.,                          tel: 44-171-278-4040, fax: 44-171-278-0444, <warresisters@gn.apc.org>.


English Language Materials:

Background Materials of  Nonviolence Training
TRAINING THEORY AND ANALYSIS
NONVIOLENT ACTION TRAINING REPORTS
 
Materials on Nonviolent Action
NONVIOLENT DIRECT ACTION EVENT HANDBOOKS
ORGANIZING DIRECT ACTION 
 
Nonviolence Training 
ORGANIZING TRAINING
WORKSHOPS AND AGENDAS
TRAINING OF TRAINER MANUALS
TOOLS & EXERCISES
DIRECTORIES OF NONVIOLENT ACTION TRAINERS
 
Handouts for Participants 
AFFINITY GROUPS/SUPPORT 
CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE 
CONDUCT/SELF DEFENSE  
DYNAMICS OF NONVIOLENT ACTION 
LEGAL  
PEACEKEEPER  
 
 
HISTORY OF NONVIOLENT ACTION TRAINING

Herngren,Per. Path of Resistance, The Practice of Resistance, trans. by Margaret Rainey, NSP, 1993, 214 pp. $14.95. Has a chapter on European history of nonviolent action training.

Lakey, George. "Training in the United States", pp. 9-11. Overview of what was being done in 1960's

Linton, Rhoda & Whitham, Michele. With Mourning, Rage, Empowerment and Defiance" The 1981 Women's Pentagon Action" Chapter thirteen in Exposing Nuclear Phallacies. ed. by Dianna E.H. Russell. Pergamon Press' 1989. pp.163-187

McGuinness, Elizabeth Anne.  "People Waging Peace: Portriats of Four Americans." in Prospects For Transformation. pp. 834-841.

Olson, Theodore. "Nonviolent Training in the United States". Presented at the 1965 WRI Study Conference on "Training in Nonviolence" in Perugia, Italy. Obtain from WRI, see above. 1965, 6 pages. Content and methods of training. Mechanics of setting up centers and international coordination. Relatively general and dated material.

Sheehan, Joanne, WRL, "Practicing Nonviolence: Decades of Nonviolence Training." in The Nonviolent Activist/July-August 1998. 4pgs. A short history of WRL's involvement in nonviolence training.

* Randle, Michael.  Annotated Bibliography on Nonviolent Action Training, UNESCO Yearbook on Peace and Conflict Studies, Greenwood Press and UNESCO-Paris, 1981, pg. 65-80. An account and analysis of a famous "war-game" exercise carried out under the auspices of the Canadian Friends Service Commitee and the American Friends Service Committee at the training centre on Grindstone Island, Canada in 1966.

* Walker, Charles. "Training for Nonviolent Action in the U.S.: A Brief Overview and History", presented at the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Columbus OH, October 1971, 14 pp. Available from IFOR and NI, see above. The article talks about the methods, settings, styles, and origins of the nonviolent action movement in the U.S. It also presents how the civil rights movement, the Viet Nam war protestors, and other social movements were helped because they used nonviolent methods of action.

"What Does Nonviolence Contribute Uniquely to Social Change?," in "Lessons from the Civil Rights Movement," August 1973, pp. 12. Obtain from NI, see above.

Vora, Rajiv. "Training in Nonviolence," in "Notes on the Peace Movement in Netherlands: Report of a Study Tour to the Netherlands and Germany," pp. 19-24. Obtain from Rajiv Vora, Gandhi Peace Foundation 221/3 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi 110002, INDIA

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TRAINING THEORY AND ANALYSIS

Ackerman, Peter & Kruegler, Christopher. "The Principles of Strategic Nonviolent Conflict," in Strategic Nonviolent Conflict. Preager Publishers: Westport, CT, 1994. A presentation of 12 principles of strategic nonviolent conflict; designed to address the major factors that contribute to success or failure. pp. 23-53.

Aguirre, Luis Perez. "Human Rights as the Basic Principle for Nonviolence Training," 7 pgs, Servicio, Paz, y Justicia, Latin American Nonviolence Movement, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Argyris, Chris. "Teaching Smart People How to Learn", Harvard Business Review, 1991, 11 pgs.

Bennett, M. "A Development Approach to Training for Intercultural Sensitivity", in International Journal of Intercultural Relations 10: 1986, 179-186.

Blum, Fred, et al. "Training in Nonviolence: A Full Documentation of the WRI Study Conference", in War Resistance, War Resistance International Publication, 1965, pp.1-23. Purpose of the conference was to look for ways to advance training.

Corey, Marianne Schnieder and Gerald Cory, Groups, Process and Practice, 4th ed., 1992, Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., 511 Forest Lodge Rd., Pacific Grove, CA 93950-9968, U.S.A.. 440 pp. This book outlines basic issues and key concepts of group process. No nonviolence or direct action components.

Desai, Narayan, Gandhi's Method of Training for Nonviolence, in Interdiscipline Vol. 13,    No. 2. 29pgs.

Desai, Narayan, "Training in Nonviolence in India"  pp.4-7. A broad overview of his ideas about content of training.

"Effective Nonviolent Action," 2 pgs. Reprinted from The Peacemaker.

Fisher, Roger and William Ury. Chapters 1-5 of Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. Penguin Books: New York, 1986.

FOR, "Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, a Strategy for Change - The Theory of Nonviolence Vol. I", 1991, 31 pgs. Available from FOR, Box 271, Nyack, NY, 10960.

IFOR, "International Gathering of Trainers and Educators in Nonviolence", 1996. 21pgs.

Huisman, Evert. "Principles of Training:Nonviolent Training Center, Netherlands", pp. 7-8.

International Alert, "The Alert Principles of Training: 12 Points," in Intercultural Conflict Resolution Training: Report of the Gernika Meeting, 25-26 April 1993, pp. 14-15. 1 Glyn Street, London SE11 5HT UK, +44-71-793-8383, fax 793-7975, <intl-alert@geo2.geonet.de>

Linton, Rhoda. "Senecca Women's Peace Camp: Shaping Things to Come," Chapter thirteen in Rocking the Ship of State: Toward a Feminist Peace Politics. ed. by Adrienne Harris and Ynestra King. Westview Press: Boulder, 1989.  pp.239-261.

* Lakey, George. "Why Training for Nonviolent Action", International Journal of Nonviolence, NI, 1994, 16 pgs. This booklet describes the rationale for training in nonviolent action. Lakey talks about training methodologies and outlines the specific areas that one can train in. The endnotes are a very good resource for those individuals who are looking for specific examples when nonviolent training has brought success.

McGuinness, Kate. "Gene Sharp's Theory of Power: A Feminist Critique of Consent."  in Journal of Peace Research, vol. 30, no. 1, 1993,  pp 101-115.

M. Lieberman, I. Yalom, M. Miles, Encounter Groups: First Facts, Basic Books, New York, 1973.

Moore, Carol. "Feminist Secessionist Strategies" 1992. 8 pgs.

* Napier, R.W. and Gershenfeld, M. K. Groups: Theory and Experience (4th ed.), Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1989.

* Olson, Theodore and Lynne Shivers, "Training for Nonviolent Action". Obtain from WRI, see above. 1970, 42 pp. Great resource, translated into French, German, and Japanese. A seminal resource book for nonviolent training including its history, challenges and prospects.

"Peace Must Be Won: A Study Guide on Violence." 14 pgs. Published by Christian Aid.  Covers such topics as violence and poverty, the violence spiral, and reconciliation.
"Rajsamand Declaration on Training in Nonviolence", The Second International Conference on Peace and Nonviolent Action, Feb. 17-21, 1991, 20 pp. S.L. Gandhi, Follow-up Committee, Rajsamand Declaration, Second ICPNA, ANUVIBHA, a-12, Anita Colony, Bajaj Nagar, JAIPUR-302 015 India.

Prutzman, Priscilla. "Bias-Related Incidents, Hate Crimes, and Conflict Resolution,"               in Education and Urban Society, Vol. 27 No. 1, November 1994.  pp.71-81.

Ray, Michael. "Sharing Power: An Overview of Empowerment Issues for Groups, Facilitated by Michael Ray". Obtain from AVIVA Counseling Cooperative, 234 East Limberlost, Tucson, AZ, 85705, U.S.A. 32 pgs.

Robertson, Peter. "Nonviolence and Direct Action: A Guide to Protests and Campaigns" in Nonviolemce Today #56 September/October/November 1997. An outline of nonviolence as a tool for social change.

Shivers, Lynne. "Developing a Theory of Nonviolent Action". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above.

Shivers, Lynne. "Roleplaying Scenario: For Clarifying Issues Around Nonviolent Action Theory". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above, 1 pg.

Shivers, Lynne. "Training as Part of Nonviolent Revolution". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1972, 6 pgs.

West, Jerry. "Problems with Nonviolence Training", Nonviolence Today (Australia) 26, 1992, pg. 8-9.

Weber, Thomas and Burrowes, Robert J.  Nonviolence: An Introduction. in Peace Dossier Febuary 1991. 10 pgs. An overview of nonviolence typology, ideology, and dynamics.

* WRI, "Training in Nonviolent Action: Bulletins", Spring 1968-January 1972. Obtain from WRI, see above.

* WRI, "Training in Nonviolent Action: Bulletins," August 1965-May 1972. Obtain from WRI, see above. These bulletins present strategy and role-playing games, talk about the dilemma of training, and outline how a seminar on training should be conducted. The bulletins are a relevant and up to date resource for trainers in nonviolence.

Wright, Steve. "Undermining Nonviolence: The Coming Role of New Police Technologies."   9 pgs.

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NONVIOLENT ACTION TRAINING REPORTS

(IFOR regularly publishes training reports in its magazine "Reconciliation International".)

AFSC, "Nonviolent Direct Action Training for Women", 2 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Awad, Mubarak and Ralph Crow. "Nonviolence Training," January 1993, 3 pgs. Obtain from NI.

Barnwell Action, "Notes from 17-19 February 1978 Barnwell Action, Training for Trainings". Notes taken by Don Mahoney, 12 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Barry Barratt, "The Ringsted Training Project: Some Afterthoughts", in "WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training", Issue #5, 1970.

Michael Beer, "Training of Burmese Students: A Report to the Einstein Institution, May-June 1990", 8 pp. Lakey's five stages in context.

Philip Bogdonoff, "Nonviolence Training in Russia", NI , 1991, 7 pp. Report of training experiences with defenders of the Russia White House against the August 1991 coup attemp.

"The Civilian Personnel of the Peace-Keeping/Humanitarian Operations and the Election Monitoring Missions: Volunteers, Officers, Observers." in Pisa, Italy, 18 September-7 October 1995. Final Report of this training program.

"Clamshell Nonviolence Preparation Facilitators", notes of training in preparation for occupation. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Desai, Narayan. "Report on the 4th All India Training Camp", in "WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training", Issue #2, 1968, pg 13.

European Gathering of Trainers in Nonviolence. "We Can Sail Without a Sail," Morestel, may 30 - June 6, 1983, 63 pgs. Obtain from Meth Medura, Weverssingel 7, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, F5 or $2.

"The Experience of the Quaker Peace Action Caravan." Part of the Speaking Our Peace series. Quker Peace & Service: London' 1987. 60 pgs.

Fairmichael, Rob. "Going on an Expedition," 4 pgs. Report on an international nonviolence training week at De Expeditie, Amersfoo, Netherlands, July 1990.

* FPC, "Training at Kent State", 19-31 May 1970, 7 pp. It is an extended report on the training done at KSU. It includes evaluating thoughts on the action. An excellent resource for training teams since it includes new tools as well as new uses of old tools.

* Jean Fabre, "European Trainers Gathering: A Report". Obtain from WRI, see above. 1973, 7 pp. Tools & exercises. Includes a list of 89 different techniques that are classified according to their use.

Goss-Mayr , "Seminar on Nonviolence in Brazil", 1967, "WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training Issue #2", 1968.

Goss-Mayr, "Training report from Latin America", in WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training, Issue #3, 1969, Pg. 5-7. Includes reports from Dominican Republic, Panama, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

Bill Grassie, "300th Anniversary of Germantown, PA -- Quaker- Mennonite Protest Against Slavery: Evaluation Report", 14 Oct. 1988, 22 pp. Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above.

P.J. Hoffman, Antje Mettheus, & Jo Somerset (Philadelphia Namibia Action Group), "Report of the Operation Namibia training", 1976, 10 pp.

"How to Reduce Government Violence." 2pgs. From workshop in Thailand, August 3-8,1993.

Jerry Koch-Gonzalez, "Nonviolence Training", 1-5 Aug. 1992, 16 pp. From "PeaceNet: Nonviolent Action". <jerrykg@igc.apc.org>.

George Lakey, "18 Miles from the Khmer Rouge: Nonviolent Action Training in Cambodia; Four Workshops in Thailand; Training Trainers in Cambodia and Thailand; Appropriate Roles for Outside Trainers: What Are We Learning?", 1994, 5 pp. Obtain from NI, see above.

George Lakey, "Global Adventures in Nonviolence", 2 pp., Friends Journal, April 1994.

George Lakey, "Guerrilla Training, Nonviolent Style", 1990, 2 pp. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

George Lakey, "Leaning Into the Winds of Change, Russia", 1992, 3 pp. "Moscow's Bloody Sunday & Nonviolence", 1993, 3 pp., "4th Russian Training Report," 1993, 3 pp. "Peeling the Onion", 1994. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

George Lakey, "A New Approach to Training Peacekeepers for a New South Africa," March 1994, 4 pgs. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above. Excellent resource, it explains the issues of nonviolent training in South Africa. It includes the five core skills needed in effective marshaling/peacekeeping.

George Lakey, "Preparing for Nonviolent Revolution", in "WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training", Issue #3, 1969, pp. 7-9.

George Lakey, "Skills for Transformation", 1992, 5 pp. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

George Lakey, "Sri Lanka Training Project, " 12-15 Jan. 1990, 5 pp. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

George Lakey, "Training Report for Building Nonviolent Campaigns", pp. 8. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

George Lakey, "Three Nonviolent Training Events in Asia: Taiwan Activists, Sri Lankan Monks, and Burmese Refugee Students", 1991, 5 pp. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

George Lakey, "Two in Thailand: Nonviolent Training in a Thai Forest: Burmese, Thai, and Cambodian Together", 1993. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

Lakey, George and Michael Beer. "Burmese Students in the USA: A Training Outline," NI, 3 pgs. Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above.

* Bradford Lyttle, Washington Action: Report and Comments From the Viewpoint of a Practical Organizer, 13-15 Nov., 1969, 57 pp. A very detailed and excellent resource to anyone trying to conduct a march. It explains the finest organizational points of the "March against death," the mass march and rally held in Washington, DC in 1969.

MNS, "Bean Papers: General Training Program", Nov. 7-21, 1976, 79 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

MNS, "Notes from Iowa Nonviolence Training Seminar", 6 pp., (late 1970s?). May be obtained from Dion Lerman, see above.

MNS, Betsy Raasch-Gilman & Will Pipkin, "A Training Success Story: Finding a Partner is the First Step", Article appeared in Dandelion, Jan. 1985. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Mulheim and Ruhr. "European Gathering of Trainers for Nonviolent Action," January 3-9, 1977, 50 pgs. Obtain from International Fellowship of Reconciliation - Training for Nonviolent Action Programme - European Workgroup, Hauptstr. 2, D-3321 Gross Heere, West Germany; phone: 05345-1012.

New York Friends Group, "Conference on Direct Action Training", 1962.

"Nonviolence Education: Training the Trainers." A report by the Haitian team of Peace Brigades International.  in Project Bulletin, October 1996. pp 1-2.

* Theodore Olson, Grindstone, Thirty-One Hours: The Grindstone Experiment, Canadian Friends Service Committee, 1966, 110 pp.. It is an extensive and detailed report stating and analyzing what happened throughout the experiment. The objective was to, "...explore and train for nonviolent ways in which a civilian population can defend itself from tyranny."

Lynne Shivers, "Bedford Hills, NY Women's Prison". Obtain fromLynne Shivers, see above. 12-14 March 1983, 7 pp. See Alternatives to Violence Project in the Training Manual section for more information on work in prisons.

Lynne Shivers, "Preston Patrick Seminar on Training", in WRI Bulletin on Nonvoilence Training, Issue #5, 1970. Includes principles of training.

Shivers, Lynne. "Report of the Nonviolence Training Program at the Bedford Hills Correctional Institute for Women, New York," March 28-30, 1978, 7 pgs.

Glen Smiley, "Training in Latin America", Nov, 1968. WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training, Issue #2, 1969. Medellin, San Jose and Mexico.

Richard Steele, Anita Kromberg, "Respect & Empowerment = Training", IFOR, Reconciliation International, Winter 1990, 2 pp.

Tatum, Lyle. "Friendly Presence," from Liberation Without Violence, edited by A. Paul Hare and Herbert Blumberg, Rowman and Littlefield: USA, 1977, reprinted by the Gandhi Institute and Friendly Presence, Box 92, Cheyney, PA 19319 USA, pp. 92-101.

Vora, Rajiv. "Notes on the Peace Movement in Netherlands: Report of a Study Tour to the Netherlands and Germany," 43 pgs. Obtain from Rajiv Vora, Gandhi Peace Foundation 221/3 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi 110002, INDIA.

Charles Walker, "Organization and Development of Friendly Presence in Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends", 1970-1987, 11 pp.

"Working with Conflict," January-March 1993. 12 pgs.  Report on this intensive, international course for people working for development, human rights and peace in situations of instability and conflict.

WRI. "Report from the Theme Group: Cross-Cultural Exchange on Nonviolence Training," Brazil, 1994, 2 pgs. Obtain from WRI, see above.

* WRI. "Training in Nonviolent Action: Bulletins by WRI," Eight bulletins, 16 pages per bulletin. Obtain from WRI, see above. See also, Training Theory and Analysis. The WRI bulletins offer insight into various nonviolent direct action issues.

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NONVIOLENT DIRECT ACTION EVENT HANDBOOKS

(If necessary, contact IFOR or NI for photocopies.)

Abalone Alliance, " Direct Action Handbook: Diablo Canyon ", August 6, 1978, 24 pgs.

* American Peace Test, "Reclaiming the Test Site", 1988, 62 pp. American Peace Test, Box 26725, Las Vegas, NV, 89126. U.S.A., tel. 702-386-9834, fax 386-9335, <aptvegas@igc.apc.org>. Very detailed and extremely useful and practical information. Highly recommended.

"Blockade the Bombmakers Handbook", 14 June 1982, 40 pp.

"The Campaign for Bi-Lingual Signs in Wales," 6 pgs. Obtain from NI, see above.

Delaware Valley Nonviolent Training Collective, "Act-up Philadelphia", 1989, 7 pp.

"International Day of Nuclear Disarmament Handbook Collective", Livermore CA, 1983. Livermore Action Group, 3126 Shattuck Ave., Berkeley, CA 94705, U.S.A. Strong on legal choices and consequences.

Chris Moore, "Rocky Flats Action Manual", 1978, 20 pp. Strong on marshalling.

"No Genocide in Our Name! Stop the USS Rhode Island Handbook", 1983, 19 pp.

"Nonviolent Civil Disobedience at CIA Headquarters," 1987, Washington Peace Center, 2111 Florida Ave., Washington, DC 20009, tel. 202-234-2000. 16 pp.

* "Out and Outraged: 1987 Supreme Court Action", 68 pp. Strong on the -Isms. A very thorough explanation of civil disobedience and the Lesbian/Gay Community. It also talks about a host of issues regarding the Supreme Court's Sodomy decision, AIDS, Lesbian and Gay movement, non-violent civil disobedience, oppression, and risking arrest.

Palmetto Alliance, "Radioactivists Handbook", Second Edition, 1 April 1978, 17 pp. Contact Dion Lerman, see above.

Stop the Cruise and Pershing II Clearinghouse. "A Packet of Information for Organizing Small Demonstrations Protesting Deployment of Cruise and Pershing II Missiles," 38 pgs. Obtain from Shivers, see above.

"To Reagan's Doorstep: Handbook White House CD", 1985, 16 pp. Contact the Washington Peace Center, 2111 Florida Ave., Washington, DC 20009, U.S.A.

* Torness Alliance Handbook, Commonweal Collection c/o J B Preistley Library, Bradford University, Bradford BD7 1DP, Yorks, U.K., tel. +44-1274-383404.

"We Can Stop the Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant: Occupier's Handbook", April 30, Clamshell Alliance, "Seabrook, Oct. 1979 and Seabrook 1980 Handbooks", 1977, 27 pgs.

Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice, Seneca, NY, U.S.A., 1983, 50 pgs.

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ORGANIZING MANUALS

"Action Proposals," 2pgs. Describes how to write a proposal for nonviolent action.

Mubarak Awad, and Laura Barnitz, "Organizing Marches," NI, 1992, 30 pp. $3.

Mubarak Awad, Laura Barnitz, and Christine Jackson, "Organizing Tax Resistance", NI, 1992, 30 pp. $3.

Andrea Ayvazian, "Dismantling Racism: Workbook for Social Change Groups", and * Andrea Ayvazian, Randy Kehler, & Ben Senturia, "Thinking Strategically: A Primer on Long-Range Strategic Planning for Grassroots Peace and Justice Organizations". From Peace Development Fund, P.O.B. 270 Amherst, MA 01004 U.S.A., n.d. This manual is a "hands on" resource for grassroots peace and justice groups interested in doing, or at least exploring, long-term strategic planning. The most important feature is that it was designed to the person who has little or no experience in strategic planning.

* Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, & Steve Max, Organize! -- Organizing for Social Change: A Manual for Activists in the 1990s, Seven Locks, Press, Washington, DC or Midwest Academy, 225 W. Ohio St. #250, Chicago, IL 600610 U.S.A., 1991. Street-wise model, influenced by Alinsky.

Bonthius, Robert H. "So---You Want to Change the System?" 12 pgs. A four step process of Analysis, Goal Setting, Strategy, and Evaluation.

Brooks, Svevo, et al. "A Guide to Political Fasting", June 1981. Obtain from Nonviolent Tactics, Development Project, 454 Willamette St., Eugene, Oregon 97401 at $2 each. Examples of political fasts and a section on how to organize a political fast, as well as documentation and a bibliography.

"Campus Organizing Guide for Peace & Justice Groups," Center for Campus Organizing, Inc., 1995,16 pgs.

Clark, Crown, McKee, MacPherson, "Preparing for Nonviolent Direct Action", 1990, Peace Pledge Union, 6 Endsleigh St. London WC1H ODX Britain, [[sterling]]1.50.

Coalition for a Non-Nuclear World, "Civil Disobedience Action Training Handbook: March from the Department of Energy to Blockade the Pentagon, April 28, 1980". Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Cosby, Gordon; Marilyn McDonald & Bill Price. Handbook for World Peacemaker Groups. Harper & Row Publishers, inc. 1988.  A guide for forming local/community Christian peace groups.

Desai, Narayan. Handbook for Satyagrahis, Gandhi Peace Fdn., 1980, 58 pp. 1 Rajghat Colony, New Delhi 110002, India.

Floyd, Roger W. Floyd. "Social Change", The Council of Churches of Greater Bridgeport, Connecticut.

Dave Foreman and Bill Haywood, eds., Expediences: A Field Guide to Monkeywrenching (2nd ed.), Nell Ludd Books, California, 1987.

Paula Green & Stephanie Kaza, Engaged Buddhism: A Manual for Social Change, International Network of Engaged Buddhists and the Karuna Center, 1991, 138 pp. 49 Richardson St, Levering, MA 01054, U.S.A., tel. 413-367-9520.

Hayes, Ed. "A Touch of Guerrilla Theater." 24 pgs. Quaker Project on Community Conflict.

Hayes, Ed. "Can We Teach an Old Dog...New Tricks?" 4 pgs. Quaker Project on Community Conflict.

Hayes, Ed. "The Complete Klutz's Guide to Simple Prop and Costume Making", 1972, 19 pp.; and * "The New Improved Better Than Ever Guerrilla Theater Manual", 1972, 40 pp. and "A Political Puppetry Manual", 1973, 71 pgs. contact NI or IFOR for copies.

* Hedeman, Ed. Organizers Manual. Obtain from WRL, see above. 1981, 222 pp. $10.

Herman, Ted. "Themes and Actions to Support NV Resistance Against a Tyrant," 2pgs.  Prepared foruse in and close to Burma.

K. Isaac and Ralph Nader, "Civics for Democracy", 1989. From Center for Study of Responsive Law, P.O.B. 19367, Washington, DC 20036, U.S.A., 386 pp. Small section on direct action.

Jackson, Bailey W. and Evangelina Holvino. Developing Multicultural Orgonizations. 6 pgs.

Si Kahn, Organizing: A Guide for Grassroots Leaders, National Association of Social Workers, Silver Spring MD, U.S.A., 1991. (e.g., against J.P. Stephens, the company against which "We Shall Overcome" was born).

George Lakey and D. Richards, "How to Conduct a Streeting", 1968, 6 pp. See also "Manual for a Living Revolution" and the War Resisters "Organizer's Manual".

Henry Lesnick, Guerrilla Street Theatre, Avon Books, 1973, 450 pp. Scripts.

Listening Project, Listening Project Organizer's Training Manual, Rural Southern Voice for Peace, Burnsville, NC 28714, tel. 704-675-5933, fax 675-9335, <rsvp@igc.apc.org>, 1986. To be updated and published by NSP in 1995. Excellent for listening skills and information gathering.

Gerald L. Mallon (ed.), National Association of Black and White Men Together, "Resisting Racism: An Action Guide", 1991. San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.

Midwest Academy. "Midwest Academy Organizing Manual," Midwest Academy, Chicago, IL, USA, March 1987, 270 pgs., $40.

* Yeshua Moser-Phoungsuwan, Organizing Walks and Pilgrimages, NI, 1994, 38 pp. $3.

Sara Peattie & The Puppeteer's Cooperative, "68 Ways to Make Really Big Puppets," Bred & Puppet Press,1996,10 pgs.

Pledge of Resistance, * "Basta! A Pledge of Resistance Handbook", Pledge of Resistance, 4228 Telegraph Ave., Oakland, CA 94609, U.S.A., tel. 510-655-1181.

RadioActivist Handbook, 15 pp.. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

G. Scott, G. Holland, and P. A'Beckett, How to Stop the Bomb -- Action Handbook for Australia, Sydney, Australia: Hale and Iremonger, 1986.

Katrina Shields, In the Tiger's Mouth: An Empowerment Guide for Social Action, NSP, 1994, 172 pp.

Richard Taylor, Blockade, Orbis Books, 1977. Part one is a dramatic story of successful nonviolent campainging; part two is a manual full of useful tips for organizers.

"Violence in America Info-Starter." 37 pgs. Resource packet by the Activism 2000 Project, intended to get youth involved inviolence reduction

* Charles Walker, "Defending a Public Meeting, A Manual for Planners", 1975, 10 pp.; and "Organizing for Civil Disobedience", 1970, 13 pp. CD organizers check list. Contact NI or IFOR. The manual presents the step by step procedures one should follow in trying to defend a public meeting against its disruption or prevention altogether. A guide to a successful civil disobedience campaign. It is a very detailed account of all the issues involved in a civil disobedience campaign.

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NONVIOLENT ACTION TRAINING MANUALS

* Alternatives to Violence Program, "AVP Basic Course," 1986, $25, AVP, "AVP Manual Second Level Course", 1990, $35, AVP, "AVP Training for Trainers Course", 1992, $25, AVP-U.S.A. Inc., PO Box 2974 Liverpool NY, 13089-2974, tel. 315-453-7311. <candaceavp@aol.com>. These are "way of life" trainings in nonviolence, not specifically for direct action. It delineates how can we lead a nonviolent daily life.

Bickmore, Kathy. Alternatives to Violence: Manual for Teaching Peacemaking to Youth and Adults, Peace Grows, 513 West Exchange, Akron, OH 44302, U.S.A., 1984, 126 pp. $9.95 plus shipping. "Way of life" training in nonviolence.

Blanco, Jose. "Training Manual for Active Non-Violence", 11 pgs. Training design for a three day seminar; modules, methodology, and objectives as well as a minimum essential outline is given.

Campus Organizing Guide. Obtain from Center for Campus Organizing. 1995. 15pgs.

* Coover, Virginia. Charles Esser, Ellen Deacon, & Chris Moore, Resource Manual for a Living Revolution, NSP, 1978. $14.95. Also known as the "monster manual", this provides the largest collection of resources for trainers of nonviolent direct action.

Desai, Narayan. A Manual for Instructors and Organizers of Shanti Sena, Institute for Total Revolution, Vechhi - 394 641, Gujarat, India. 1968, 40 pp. A classic from India.

Desai, Narayan. Handbook for Satyagrahis: A Manual for Volunteers of Total Revolution, Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi, 1980. 57 pgs.

* FOR, "Active Nonviolence: The Practice of Nonviolence" (Vol. II), 1991, 32 pp. Available from FOR, Box 271, Nyack, NY, 10960. More an organizer's manual than a training manual, this does includes sample training agendas. It also presents the ways in which a person should prepare for, act during, and demonstrate solidarity with fellow activists during an arrest.

* FPC, "Training for Nonviolent Responses to Social Conflict, Manual for Trainers," 1969, 30 pp. One of the first and best. Served as the base for FPC, "Training Manual for Marshals for the Nov. 13-15 Mobilization," 1969, 6 pp.

Billie Grassie, "Youth Leadership Training and Schedule: Manual for Trainers for the 300th Anniversary of the Germantown Protest", 1988, 19 pp. 2-day youth workshop. Tel. 610-486-6859.

* Hope, A. & S. Timmel, Training for Transformation, Vol. 1, 1992, Mambo Press, PO Box 779, Gweru, Zimbabwe, 147 pp. The theory of Paulo Freire on developing criticial awareness and how to put this into practice.

Hope, A. & S. Timmel, Training for Transformation, Vol. 2, 1992, same as above, 131 pp. It focuses on the skills necessary for participatory education. Leadership skills, community building, and methods to involve the group actively are all part of this volume.

Hope, A. & S. Timmel, Training for Transformation, Vol. 3, 1992, same as above. 182 pp. Available from United Church Women in the U.S.A.. Building movements of empowerment. It deals with the social analysis necessary to develop critical awareness and long term planning and with the steps needed for building solidarity in people's movements. This book combines both reflection and action in a clear and simple way.

IFOR, "The Gospel and the Struggle for Peace: Training Seminar in Evangelical Non-violence and Methods of Engaging in it." 1990. 53 pgs. Covers such topics as the radicalism of the love of God, the biblical basis of nonviolence, nonviolence in the history of the church, and methods of nonviolent action.

* Martin Jelfs, "Manual for Direct Action", Action Resources Group, c/o 13 Mornington Grove, London, E3 4NS, U.K., 1982, 81 pp. U.K. manual comparable to the Manual for a Living Revolution, NSP. It is a guide towards effective political and social action. This manual is aimed at a broad readership, at all those who look for political and social change through grassroots and popular action. The manual is largely comprised of exercises and techniques that can be utilized in a group setting.

Bruce Kokopeli, "Toolbox: Skills-sharing and Training", July 1979, 10 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Dion Lerman, "The Peacekeepers Companion: A Handbook for Applied Nonviolence", 1994 (under revision). 50 pp. Excellent handouts with a strong emphasis on the nuts and bolts of planning dramatic actions. To obtain see above.

Magistad, Mary Kay, "Nobelists Rile Thai Army in Call for Burmese Rights,", Washington Post, February 16,

McKay, Bidge. "Training for Nonviolenct Action for High School Students: A Handbook," prepared for Friends Peace Committee, FPC,1515 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102 USA, October 1971, 48pgs.

* Moyer, Bill. "MAP's Trainer's Manual," 1990. From Social Movement Empowerment Project, 721 Shrader, San Francisco, CA 94117 U.S.A., tel. 415-387-3361, <bmoyer@igc.apc.org>, 20 pgs. of U.S.- focused model of social change movements, useful for direct action strategists. This manual is a workbook for applying in practice Movement Action Plan theories and methods.

Moyer, Bill"The Movement Action Plan: A Strategic Framework Describing the Eight Stages of Successful Social Movements", the Movement for a New Society, Spring 1987, 16 pgs

Moyer, Bill"Practical Strategist: Movement Action Plan(MAP) theories for Evaluating, Planning and Conducting Social Movements", Social Movement Empowerment Project, July 1990, 20pgs.

Non-Violence Training Task Force, "May 22nd Coalition Training Manual", 15 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Osseiran, Sanaa.  Handbook Resourse and Teaching Material in Conflict Resolution, Education for Human Rights, Peace and Democracy. 185 pgs. Produced by the International Peace Research Association in collaboration with UNESCO

* Olson, Theodore & Lynne Shivers, "Training for Nonviolent Action". Obtain from WRI, see above. 1970, 42 pgs. Great resource, translated into French, German, and Japanese. This pamphlet reviews the theory and practice of nonviolent action training, giving incentive for training and action. It present practical guidance in training for nonviolent direct action.

Peace News, "An Introduction to Nonviolence Training", in "Peace News for Nonviolent Revolution", 8 Elm Ave. Nottingham NG3, U.K., July 1983, 4 pp.

Shivers, Lynne. "Demonstrations: A Participant Training". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1973, 6 pp. The only known training manual used to prepare people for legal demonstrations.

Shivers, Lynne. "Marshal Training Manual for Witness Against Executions". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1977, 3 pp. Update and excerpts of 1969 FPC Marshal Manual.

Shivers, Lynne & Colin Hodgetts, "Stewards -- What They Do, How They Are Trained", Christian Action Publications, 1970, 9 pp. 125 Kennington, Rd. London SE 11, U.K., tel. 44-171-494-2372.

Shivers, Lynne & Olson Theodore W., "Training for Nonviolent Action," Friends Peace and International Relations Committee & War Resisters' International, November 1970

Southern Mobilization Affinity Group, "Training for Action: A Trainer's Manual", Barnwell, South Carolina, Apr. 29-May 1, 1978, 42 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

* Taylor, Richard. Training Manual for Nonviolent Defense Against A Coup d'Etat, NI, 1994, 75 pp. $14.50. First draft was prepared for use by a team of civilian- based defense trainers who went to Russia and trained with those who had defended against the August 1991 coup attempt.

Witness for Peace, "Training Manual," Washington, D.C., 1992, 97 pp. Pioneer "peace team" training manual. Available through Witness for Peace, 2210 P St. NW, Rm. 109, Washington, DC, 20037.

* WRL, "Handbook for Nonviolent Action". Obtain from WRL, see above. 1990. 36 pages of one-page handouts on a variety of issues: history fo mass nonviolent action, practicing nonviolence, nonviolence training, affinity groups, consensus decision making, risking arrest, jail solidarity, serving time in jail, oppression, racism, sexism, homophobia, etc. to name just a few.

WRL-New England, "Trainer's Packet for 1987 Supreme Court Action". Obtain from WRL, see above. 50 pp. Sample training agenda and excellent handouts.

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ORGANIZING TRAINING

"Dale's Cone of Experience," pg I-39, and "The Three Domains of Learning," pg. I-43.

*Bauman, Ann. Training of Trainers, U.S. GPO, National Institute of Drug Abuse, 1977. Two handouts on the basics of learning theory.

FOR, "Setting Up" in "Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, A Strategy for Change," FOR, Box 271 Nyack, NY, 10960, U.S.A., tel. 914- 358-4601, fax 358-4924, < fornatl@igc.apc.org>, 1991, pg 6.

George Lakey, "How to Design a Workshop". Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above. 1994, 1 p.

Mobilization for Survival, "Teach-In Mini-Manual", 6 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

MNS, "4 Plus 4 Coordinators' Manual: How to Do Two Four Day Training Programs in Social Change Skills", 54 pp. Obtain from Nonviolence International, see above.

MNS, "Oppression Workshop", 6 pp., Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

MNS, Medium-Term Training Organizing Collective, "Coordinators Manual of the General Training Program of Philadelphia Movement for a New Society". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1977, 49 pp. 2-week training. 2/3 on logistics, but includes good section on dysfunctional training aspects.

* Lynne Shivers, "Planning Training Workshops". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1987, 2 pgs. It gives a detailed account of the different issues that have to be considered when trying to set up a training workshop.

Lynne Shivers, "Tricks of the Trade". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1986, 2 pp. Nuts and bolts for preparing a training.

Temple University, "Basics of Training Design", Sept., 1985. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

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WORKSHOPS AND AGENDAS

American University Peace and Conflict Resolution & Nonviolence International. "Security and Responsible Leadership: A Special Seminar for Palestinian Security Officers," February 21-24, 1996.  2 pgs.  Agenda of seminar.

American University School of International Service and Nonviolence International. "Palestinian Police Training," May 11-13, 1995. 2 pgs. Agenda of seminar.

"April 24 Action for Freedom for Tibet"  8 pgs.

Centre for Intergroup Studies. "Conflict Resolution Skills for Police Officers," Verdrag, Pretoria, April 11-13, 1994, . Obtain from the Centre for Intergroup Studies, 37 Grotto Road, Rondebosch 7700, Tele: 021-650-2503, Fax: 021-685-2142.

Centre for Nonviolence. "Australian Nonviolence Network Introductory Nonviolence Workshop Provisional (Two Day) Agenda," December 1994, 38 pgs. Obtain from Centre for Nonviolence c/o Commonground, P.O. Box 474, Seymour, Victoria 3661, Australia, E-mail: <>, Tele/Fax: +61-57-938400.

Direct Action Working Group (DAWG), "Stonewall 25: Pre-Action Meeting Agenda", June 22, 1994, 1 pg.

"The Experience of the Quaker Peace Action Caravan." Part of the Speaking Our Peace series.  Quaker Peace & Service: London, 1987.

"General Non-Formal Training Plan", Australian Workshop Network, Obtain from NI, see above.

* Goss-Mayr, Jean and Hildegard. "Notes for a Workshop on Active Nonviolence," IFOR, 1990, 8 pgs. Succinct presentation of internationally known training model with christian roots.

Helvey, Robert and Michael Beer. "Nonviolent Action Strategist Course for Burmese Leadership," 2402 Woodland Ave., S. Charleston, WV, 25303-2636, 202-744-9085. 1992, 100 pp. A course based on Gene Sharp's theories and planning as well as operations techniques used by the military.

"Hot Conflict and Community Crisis Management." 2 day workshop.

IFOR. "Notes for a Workshop on Active Nonviolence," 8 pgs. A training outline based on the Active Nonviolence Seminars of Jean and Hildegard Goss-Mayr, IFOR Honorary Presidents.

IFOR. "Zambia/Tanzania Training Seminar," Five day seminar. A draft outline based on training methods developed by IFOR trainers. Obtain from NI.

King Jr., Martin Luther. "Core Curriculum of King in Nonviolence", 1995. From MLK, Jr. Center for the Study of Nonviolent Social Change, 449 Auburn Ave. NE, Atlanta GA 30312. 404-526-8942. 16 hours of core curriculum. An update of A Structured Guide: An Introduction to King in Nonviolence; The Philosophy and Methodology, by Bernard Lafayette, Jr., & David Jackson.

Mckay, Bidge. "Training for Nonviolent Action for High School Students," 1971, 50 pgs. FPC, see above. Includes a five session curriculum.

MNS. "Abalone Alliance Training Workshop," November 1977, 34 pgs. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

MNS. "General Training Program", April 1981, 2 pgs. Information concerning a two-week workshop in Philadelphia. Obtain from MNS, see above.

Movement Action Plan (MAP), Workshop/Presentations Agenda Notes, Nov. 7, 1988., 8 pgs.

Movement Action Plan, " Strategy and Empowerment Workshop:How to analyze and wage social movements based on Bill Mooyer's Movemention Action Plan", 1988, 2 pgs.

"Nonviolence: A Sample Agenda for a Nonviolence Training", from Out and Outraged: Non-violent Civil Disobedience at the U.S. Supreme Court, 1987, 1 pg.

"Nonviolence Monitor Prep Agenda," 1 pg. Presents a detailed agenda for a 3-hour workshop to prepare people as monitors for nonviolent demonstrations.

"Prejudice Awareness Training." A one day workshop designed by The Northern Ireland Branch of the National Coalition Building Institute International, 1993. 17 pgs.

"Proposed Agenda for Workshop on Civil Disobedience," The Tibet Conference of the Americas, 1993. 1pg.

Reynolds, Rick. Wilmington Friends School. "Peace, Justice, and Social Change," Spring 1997.   8 pgs.  Curriculum for four unit course.

"Sample Agenda for a Preparation for Nonviolent Direct Action Workshop," 6 pgs. This paper presents detailed agendas for 9-hour and 6-hour workshops to prepare people for nonviolent action and for a 2-hour seminar on nonviolence.  It includes presentations based on 15 pgs. of notes on nonviolent action, 3 pgs of notes on affinity groups and support, and 4 pgs. of notes on legal issues and jail connected with nonviolent actions.

"Shivers, Lynne. "Germantown Protest: Whole Schedule of Two Days of Workshops with Students," April 9 and 16, 1988, 7 pgs. Agenda of activities.

Shivers, Lynne. "Nonviolent Training Collective of Delaware Valley - Training Sessions Held January 1987 - June 1988," 2 pgs. Agenda of training sessions.

"Speaking in Emotion-Laden Situations." 1pg. Series of role plays.

"Training for the 2nd Struggle for Independence," 1993. 4 pgs. Outline of training to educate and organize the Burma people in their community to establish a democratic federal union of Burma.

Training Center Workshops. c/o George Lakey, 4719 Springfield Ave., Philadelphia PA, 19143, U.S.A. 215-729-7458., 3 pgs.

Washington Area Clinic Defense Task Force. "WACDTF Training Agenda," 1993, 1 pg. Obtain from WACDTF, P.O. Box 21796, Washington, D.C. 20009 USA, Tele: 202-728-7563.

Ziegler, Warren L. "A Mindbook for Imaging/Inventing a World Without Weapons," Third Edition, The Futures - Invention Associates 2026 Hudson Street, Denver, Colorado, 80207, 1983, 34 pgs.

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TRAINING FOR TRAINERS

* Bauman, Ann. Training of Trainers, U.S. GPO, National Institute of Drug Abuse, 1977, 400 pp. An excellent resource specifically for health care providers, although widely applicable. The purpose of the book is to enable trainers to develop a training design, to effectively deliver the content of their message, and to learn how to guide learning in a group setting.

Bedard-Parker, Stephen. "Thoughts on Planning and Running a Weekend Training Workshop", Training for Trainers Workshop, Feb. 13-15, 1975, 4 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Capital University. "Training the Trainer: A Three Day Seminar", 1986, Capital University Graduate School of Administration, OH, USA, 2 pgs. Obtain from NI or Dion Lerman, see above. Provides a seminar outline.

Clamshell Alliance. "Proposed Agenda for Clamshell Training for Trainers". Obtain copies from NI.

Clamshell Alliance, "Resource Booklet for Trainers," March 1978, 18 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Education for Involvement, Corporation, "Learning", 61 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

"Facilitator Procedure Manual" 44 pgs.  A publication of Co-operation North for its Ourselves and Others Project which provides facilitators to work with predudice reduction between Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland youth.

Fred Pryor Seminars, Training the Trainer: Seminar, P.O. Box 2951, Shawnee Mission, KS 66201, U.S.A., tel. 1-800-255-6139.

Friends Conflicts Resolution Programs, "School Mediation Programs: Training For Trainers for those already trained in Basic Mediation Skills"Friends Conflict Resolution Programs, August 5-8, 1997, 1515 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 4 pgs.

"Key Concepts in Our Work as Facilitators of Managing Diversity Trainings." 9 pgs.

Kirkham, Kate. "Key Concepts in Our Work as Facilitators of Managing Diversity Trainings" and "Dimensions of Diversity: A Basic Framework". Obtain copies from NI, see above.

National Training System, "Training of Trainers Workshop", U.S. Department for Public Health, GPO, late 1980s, 40 pp. Trainer intervention section is strong.

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, A Trainers Guide to Andragogy: Its Concepts, Experience, and Applications, Revised Edition, May 1973, 11 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

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TOOLS & EXERCISES

"Activist Skills and Experiences Questionnaire," 8 pgs.  Chart lists 175 skills and 95 experiences typical of a seasoned activist.  It can be used for self-assesment, goal setting, or progress evaluation.

"Affinity Group Support Form," 1 pg. A form for collecting information usefull to people supporting nonviolent action.

* Ball, Geoff. Using Graphics with Groups, Geoff Ball & Associates, 164 Main Street, Room 210, Los Altos, CA 94301, U.S.A., 1989, 60 pp. Tips on blackboard and newsprint skills. Tips on blackboard and newsprint skills. It includes different format types, such as analogy, models, outside in etc., a reference page as well as case studies.

Bennett, M. "Experience of Difference". Obtain from Nonviolence International, see above.

Carpenter, Susan. "A Repertoire of Peacemaking Skills," prepared with the assistance of the Peace Education Network of the Consortium on Peace Research, Education and Development and the Institute for World Order, 1977, pp. 54-57. Lists resources for peacemaking skills.

Clamshell Alliance. "Dealing With Media," June 6, 1978, 1 pg.

Clamshell Alliance, "Resources, Tools, and Exercises for Clamshell Affinity Groups", late 1970s, 59 pp., contact NI or IFOR.

Clamshell Alliance, "Roleplays", in "We Can Stop the Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant, Occupier's Handbook, April 30", 1977, 1p. Contact NI or IFOR.

Clamshell Alliance, "Role Plays, Hassle Lines, and Quick Decision Exercises," from Seabrook Occupation, 2 pgs. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Clamshell Alliance, "Some Scenarios for Quick Decisions, Hassle Lines and Role Plays," June 6, 1978, 1 pg.

* Jean Fabre, "European Trainers Gathering -Techniques, 21-28 Nov. 1973", co-sponsored by IFOR and FOR, Amsterdam, 7 pp. Tools and exercises list. Contact IFOR. Tools and exercises list. All the way from warming up & loosening up exercises, to strategy tools, and to evaluation techniques, one can find everything.

Felder, David W. "Felder Books & Games for Peace in the Environment," 1994. Obtain from 9601-30 Miccosukee Road, Tallahassee, Florida 32308, USA. Tele: 1-800-231-1638.

* Fitzduff, Mari. Community Conflict Skills, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council, 6 Murray St., Belfast BT1 6DN, IRELAND, tel. +44-1232-439953, fax 235208.

John Webster Gastil, "Queries on the Peace Testimony", Friends Journal, August 1992. Obtain from Nonviolence International, see above.

Marta Harrison, "For the Fun of It! Selected Cooperative Games", FPC,1976, Third Edition, 33 pgs.

Eddie Hayes, "A Cookbook of Theater Exercises", 1972, 19 pp. Contact IFOR or NI for a copy.

"How to Chair a Meeting." 1 pg.

"How to Take Minutes" 1 pg.

"How to Write Leaflets." 1 pg.

Patricia Jakubowski & Arthur J. Lange, The Assertive Option: Your Rights and Responsibilities, Research Press, Champaigne IL U.S.A. 1978. Includes exercises which show how close assertiveness is to nonviolent action.

Lakey, George. "Tips for Trainers When Working Across Cultural Lines". Obtain from Training Center Workshops, see above. 1994, 1 pg.

Langelan, Marty. "Thinking About Tactics," Washington Peace Center, 2111 Florida Ave., DC 20009, U.S.A, tel. 202-234-2000, July 1990, 6 pp. Exercise handouts. Includes good questions about protest tactics.

McKone, Anita. "Introductory Nonviolence Workshop Teacher's Notes: Visualisation Exercise - A Positive Experience of Power," from "Australian Nonviolence Network Introductory Nonviolence Workshop Provisional (Two Day) Agenda," March 1994, 3 pgs. Obtain from NI, 1 pg.

"Name Game," 1 pg. excerpt. Obtain from NI, see above.

"Optional Boundary Breaker: Instructions," 2 pg. excerpt. Obtain from NI, see above.

Orlick, Terry. The Cooperative Sports and Games Book, 1978, and The 2nd Cooperative Sports and Games Book, 1982, Pantheon, NY.

Peavey, Fran. "By Life's Grace: Musings on the Essence of Social Change", NSP, 1994. $14.95. See chapter on strategic questioning.

Pestorius, Margaret. "Introductory Nonviolence Workshop - Teacher's Notes: How to Conduct a Roleplay/ Cost-Sharing Exercise/ List of Games," from "Australian Nonviolence Network Introductory Nonviolence Workshop Provisional (Two Day) Agenda," March 1994, 3 pgs. Obtain from NI.

* J.W. Pfeiffer, A Handbook of Structured Exercises for Human Relations, Vol I-V; and The Encyclopedia of Team Building Activities, Vols. I and II, 1991, San Diego, CA: University Associates, 8517 Production Ave., 92121. A voluminous reference.

"Privilege Exercise," list was adapted from the work of Peggy McIntosh on White Male Privilege," Working Paper #18, Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Wellesley, MA. The questions on sexual orientation were created by Alma Soongi Beck, Washington, D.C., 2 pgs.

Shields, Katrina. "Social Barometer," from In the Tiger's Mouth: An Empowerment Guide for Social Action, NSP, 1994, $14.94. A visual model useful for identifying allies and opponents, pg. 54.

Shirts, G. "Star Power", La Jolla, CA: Western Behavioral Science Institute, 1969, 30 pp.

* Shivers, Lynne. "Controversies in Nonviolent Action Theory". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1988, 5 pgs. It identifies some of the most important issues concerning nonviolent action. The nature of some of the controversies are either-or, and both-and arguments, while others search to find a resolution of polarized points.

Shivers, Lynne. "Directions for Leading Star Power". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1984, 7 pp.

Shivers, Lynne. "It's In Your Court," Friends Peace Committee (Quakers), Nonviolent Direct Action Program, 1520 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102 USA, September 1970, 4 pgs.

Shivers, Lynne. Lynne Shivers, "Risk List". Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Shivers, Lynne. "Strategy Games". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1990, 3 pp. including a Strategy Game Scenario, by Dion Lerman and Lynne Shivers.

Shivers, Lynne. "Strategy Game Manual". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1972, 10 pp. See Resource Manual for a Living Revolution and "Manual for Direct Action".

Shivers, Lynne. "Trainers' Inventory of Skills". Obtain fromLynne Shivers, see above. 1988, 3 pgs.

Solomon, Darwin. "Tactics and Techniques of Community Practice", in D. Darwin & F.M. Cox, eds., Evaluating Community Programs, Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock Publishers, 1977, pp. 326- 340.

Soongi-Beck, Alma. "Speak Options", Training Center Workshops. 1p. Based on National Coalition Building Institute and Co-Counseling models.

Willcox, Gloria. "Feeling Wheel", n.d., 1 p. Available from NI and IFOR, see above.

* Peter Woodrow, "How to Set Up and Run Roleplays", distributed by Training Center Workshops, 1993, 3 pp. (Also, see Clamshell Alliance handout on roleplays and Eddie Hayes' works on theatre exercises.) Very valuable resource. It delineates the uses and the process of roleplaying games.

Warren Ziegler, The Visionary Approach to Strategic Planning: A Mindbook of Exercises in Social Action Strategy Invention, The Futures-invention Associates, Denver, CO, U.S.A., 1988.

Weeks, Dr. Dudley. "Patterns of Development and Power Distribution." 1980. 4 pgs.

Weeks, Dr. Dudley. "Social Change Guidlines." 1979. 3 pgs.

Weeks, Dr. Dudley. "How the Conflict Partnership Skills Can Help Deal Effectively with Conflicts Involving Culture." 1886. 3 pgs.

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DIRECTORIES OF NONVIOLENT ACTION TRAINERS

Beer, Michael. Global Directory for Nonviolence Action Trainers, NI 1994, 100 pgs. Contains database of 150 Nonviolent Action trainers and this annotated bibliography of training materials.

Lynne Shivers, ed.,1979 Directory of Trainers, 100 pp. Northern America. Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above.

"Nonviolence Training: A Directory of Resource People." Obtain from WRL. 68 pgs.

Training Center Workshops, "Training for Trainers Participation List, Feb. 19-21, 1993", 4719 Springfield Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19143.

"Transnational Nonviolence Trainer's List", 1991. Obtain from PBI, WRI, or IFOR, see above.

"WRL-Directory of North[ern] America Trainers". Obtain from WRL, see above. 1990, 100 pp.

ACCESS, Data Base of Conflict Resolution Educators & Organizations, ACCESS: A Security Information Service, 1511 K St., N.W., Suite 643, Washington, DC 20005 U.S.A., tel. 202-783-6050, < access@igc.apc.org>.

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AFFINITY GROUPS & SUPPORT HANDOUTS

"Affinity Groups", 1 pg. excerpt discussing roles in affinity groups. Obtain from NI, see above.

Alach, Nancy. "Affinity Groups", from "Handbook for Nonviolent Action," 1991, 1 pg. Obtain from WRL, see above.

Alach, Nancy. "Affinity Groups & Support," from "Handbook for Nonviolent Action," 1991, 2 pgs. Obtain from WRL, see above.

APT. "Affinity Groups," 2 pgs. & "Responsibilities of Support People," 1 pg. from "Reclaiming the Test Site," American Peace Test, Box 26725, Las Vegas, NV, 89126. USA, 702-386-9834, fax 386-9335, .

Clamshell Alliance, "Affinity Group Formation", 5 pp. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

MNS, "Support". Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above. 1983, 1 p.

MNS and Pledge of Resistance, "Why Affinity Groups?", 1985(?), 1 p. Obtain from< A href="#lynne">Lynne Shivers, see above.

Napier, Rodney W. and Matti K. Gershenfeld. "Leader-Centered/Group-Centered" excerpt from Groups: Theory and Experience, Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston, 1973, pp. 161.

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CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE HANDOUTS

Delaware Valley Nonviolence Training Collective, "Civil Disobedience", 1986, 1p. Obtain from Lynne Shivers, see above.

Dion Lerman, "Civil Disobedience", 1995, 5pp., see above.

Dion Lerman, "Civil Disobedience: What It Is and How It Works," from The Peacekeepers Companion: A Handbook for Applied Nonviolence. Obtain from PeaceWorkers Network, P.O. Box 1526, Philadelphia, PA 19105.

"Out & Outraged: For Love, Life & Liberation, Non-violent civil Disobedience at the U.S. Supreme Court, " National Lesbian and Gay Civil Disobedience Action, P.O. BOX 7781 Washinton, D.C. 20044, 1987

Persian Gulf Peace Action Network. "Nonviolent Civil Disobedience at the White House," January 26,1991, 2 pgs.

Swomley, Jr., John, M. "Challenging the Law: Civil Disobedience," in "Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, A Strategy for Change, Vol. I: The Theory of Nonviolence," The Fellowship of Reconciliation: Nyack, New York, 1991, pp. 26-29.

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NONVIOLENT CONDUCT/SELF-DEFENSE HANDOUTS

American Peace Test, "Nonviolent Principles for APT Participants", from "Reclaiming the Test Site", American Peace Test, Box 26725, Las Vegas, NV, 89126, U.S.A., tel. 702-386-9834, fax 386-9335, < aptvegas@igc.apc.org>, 1988, 1 p. Seven principles.

American Peace Test, "Principles of Nonviolent Direct Action," from "Reclaiming the Test Site," 1988, 1 pg. Obtain from American Peace Test, see above. Four basic principles.

Centre for Intergroup Studies. "Skills for Managing Verbal Confrontation," in "Conflict Resolution Skills for Police Officers (A Workshop: April 11-13, 1994, Verdrag, Pretoria)," 1994, pp. 26. Obtain from the Centre for Intergroup Studies, 37 Grotto Road, Rondebosch 7700, Tele: 021-650-2503, Fax: 021-685-2142.

Crane, Mary. Rape: Avoidance and Resistance -- A Nonviolent Approach. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

Desai, Narayan. "Shanti Sena Pledge", from "WRI Bulletin on Nonviolence Training, 2nd Issue", 1969, p. 12.

Families Against Violence Advocacy Network. "Family Pledge of Nonviolence," in Peace and National Priorities Center Newsletter, June 1996, pp. 6. Obtain from Peace and National Priorities Center of Oakland County, P. O. Box 240344, Orchard Lake, MI USA 48324; phone: 313-683-3363.

National Crisis Prevention Institute, Inc.(CPI). "Nonviolent Crisis Intervention: Participant Workbook," National CPI: WI (3315-K North 124th Street, Brookfield, WI, 53005, 1987, 21 pgs.

Nonviolence Training Collective of the Delaware Valley, "Ten Guidelines for Nonviolent Self-Defense," 1988, 5 pgs. Obtain from Shivers, see above.

"Nonviolent Discipline," modified from the Nevada Desert Experience's Hiroshima/Nagasaki Interfaith Peace Witness Nonviolent Direct Action Strategy Workshop, August 5-9, 1987, in "Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, A Strategy for Change Vol. II." Obtain from FOR, see above. Eleven commitments to nonviolent discipline.

"Out and Outraged: 1987 Supreme Court Action", 10 pp. Six guidelines for nonviolence discipline.

Peace Grows, "Chart Model for Session 4.B.," 1pg.

Lynne Shivers, "Guidelines for Nonviolent Self-Defense", 1988, 5 pp. Obtain fromLynne Shivers, see above.

WRL, "Nonviolent Response to Personal Violence", originally from Mark Morris, "Handbook for Nonviolent Action". Obtain from WRL, see above.

Washington Area Clinic Defense Task Force (WACDTF). "Membership: Goals and Guidelines/Nonviolence Policy."

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DYNAMICS OF NONVIOLENT ACTION HANDOUTS

(includes a variety of visual and step-by-step models that simplify nonviolent direct action)

* David Albert, People Power--Applying Nonviolence Theory, NSP, 1985, Contains a visual model of the dynamics of people power. Out of print.

* Albert Einstein Institution. "Correcting Common Misconceptions About Nonviolent Action," 1 pg. and "How Nonviolent Struggle Works," 1 pg. "198 Methods of Nonviolent Action," 2 pgs., "Historical Examples of Nonviolent Struggle," 1 pg., "Nonviolent Resistance and National Defense," 1 pg., and "A Brief Glossary of Nonviolent Struggle," 2 pgs. 50 Church Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA, Tel. 617-876-0311.<einstein@igc.apc.org>. Succinct description of what nonviolent action is and is not, as well as the way that nonviolent action works. Presents briefly the crux of civilian-based defense as part of nonviolent resistance.

American Friends Service Committee, "AFSC Perspectives on Nonviolence in Relation to Groups Struggling for Social Justice", 5 pp., National Office: 1501 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102.

*Alinsky, Saul. Rules for Radicals, Vintage, NY, 1971. Pg. 126-130, for Thirteen Tactical Approaches or Jelfs' "Manual for Direct Action".

* APT. "Basic Concepts of Satyagraha," from "Reclaiming the Test Site", 1988, 1 pg. Obtain from American Peace Test, Box 26725, Las Vegas, NV, 89126. USA, 702-386-9834, fax 386-9335, . Presents the three elements of Ghandian Nonviolence, Sat, Ahimsa, and Tapasya.

APT. "Principles of Nonviolent Direct Action: Four Basic Principles," in "Reclaiming the Test Site," 1988, 1 pg. Obtain from American Peace Test, see above.

*Arnstein, S. "A Ladder of Citizen Participation," AIP Journal, 1969, pp. 217. It presents a visual model of the range of citizen empowerment. The gradations of citizen participation are presented and described.

Augsburger, David. "Conflict Framework, Conflict Mediation Across Cultures," 1992, 9 pgs.

"Basic Principles of Direct Ation Organizing." 1pg. 3 principles.

Bondurant, Joan V. "Gandhi's Fundamental Rules for Nonviolent Action Promoting Both Power and Security," from Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict, Princeton University Press, 1958, 1 pg.

* CDR & Associates. "Circle of Conflict," 1986, 1 pg. Obtain from 100 Arapahoe Ave #12, Boulder, CO 80302, U.S.A., 1-800-MEDIATE.

CIRIMEX Centro Internacional de Recursos.  "Theory of Power" 1 pg., "Sources of Power"        1 pg., "Definition of Violence" 1 pg., "Nonviolent Responses to Injustice" 1pg., "Structural Analysis" 1pg., "Substance of Nonviolence" 1pg., "Nonviolent "Arms"" 1pg.  Series of simple diagrams and outlines.

Clamshell Alliance. "Occupation Contingencies," April 30, 1977 Seabrook Occupation, 2 pgs. "Guidelines for the April 30, 1977 Occupation (Seabrook)," 1 pg. Obtain from NI, see above.

Deats, Richard, Shelley Douglass, and Melinda Moore. "M. L. King: A Way of Nonviolence," from Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, A Strategy for Change, in Ground Zero, Winter 1992, 1 pg. Obtain from NI, see above.

* Desai, Narayan. "Wheel of Total Revolution," Handbook for Satyagrahis, Gandhi Peace Foundation, 1 Rajghat Colony, New Delhi 110002, India, 1980, 1 pg.

"Dynamics of a Direct Action Campaign," 2 pgs. Chart with notes.

FOR. "Planning a Nonviolent Campaign," in "Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, A Strategy for Change Vol. II," FOR, Box 271 Nyack, NY, 10960, 914-358-4601, 358-4924, , 2 pgs. 4 basic principles of direct action, 5 strategic steps, and some practical guidelines.

Groundswell, Sidney. "Power and Empowerment," with flow chart, Australia, 2 pgs.

Herman, Ted.  "Charting Nonviolent Action for Future Political, Economic and Social-Cultural Conflicts. 1 pg.

* Inda, Caridad. "Dynamics of Nonviolent Action," 11 pgs. Obtain from Cirimex, Fernando de Alba 659, Col. Chapulita, COD Post, 45000 Guadalajara, Mexico. The four phases of nonviolent action, preparation, start-up & learning, implementing the strategy, and successful outcome.

*King, Jr., Martin Luther. "Six Steps of Nonviolence," and "Six Principles of Nonviolence," from "Core Curriculum of King in Nonviolence," Martin Luther King Center, Atlanta, Georgia, 1995. A short handout containing a nonviolent method of social change that is both practical and morally sound.

* Midwest Academy. "The Basic Principles of Direct Action Organizing," in Organize!-Organizing for Social Change: A Manual for Activists in the 1990's, Seven Locks, Press, DC or Midwest Academy, 225 W. Ohio St. #250, Chicago, IL 600610 U.S.A., 1991. Short, but to the point description of the three basic principles of direct action organizing (DAO), as well as the explanation of what DAO is.

* MNS. "Developing a Definition of Nonviolence," 1 pg. Obtain from Shivers, see above. King and Lakey stage strategies. Containing the basics of nonviolence, this handout leads us to understand what nonviolence is all about.

* Moyer, Bill. "Eight Stage Movement Action Plan, (MAP)," Social Movement Empowerment Project, 721 Shrader, San Francisco, CA 94117 USA, 415-387-3361, , 20 pgs.

Moyer, Bill. "Four ROIES of Political Activities(Nuremberg Training, August 14, 1988)", 1988, 4pgs.

Nonviolence International, "105 Methods of Nonviolent Action, " 1 pg. P.O. Box 39127, Friendship Station, Wasington, DC 200016.

"Nonviolent Discipline," modified from the Nevada Desert Experience's Hiroshima/Nagasaki Interfaith Peace Witness Nonviolent Direct Action Strategy Workshop, August 5-9, 1987, in "Active Nonviolence: A Way of Life, A Strategy for Change Vol. II," FOR, Box 271 Nyack, NY, 10960, 914-358-4601, 358-4924, , 1 pg.

Peace Grows. "Responses to Conflict Chart," from Alternatives to Violence Workbook, 1986, 36 pgs. Obtain from 513 West Exchange, Akron, OH 44302 U.S.A., $9.95, plus shipping.

Peace News for Nonviolent Revolution. "An Introduction to Social Defense," Peace News, 8 Elm Avenue, Nottingham NG3, 4 pgs. Satha-Anand, Chaiwat (Quader Muheideen).

"Power." 1 pg. Chart describing a ruler's power capacity.

"Preparing for a Change Campaign," 1 pg. Seven steps to prepare for a progressive campaign.

"Progressive Values Contrasted with Conventional or Reactionary Values," 1 pg. chart.

"Principles of Strategic Nonviolent Conflict." 1pg. 12 principles of nonviolent conflict, including its development, engagement, and conception.

"Eight Theses on Muslim Nonviolent Action," in "Civilian Resistance in Political Struggle," ed. Saad Eddin Ibrahim, Aman Jordan: Arab Thought Forum, 1988, 1 pg. Obtain from NI.

"Rising Consciousness: Typical Steps in Seeing the Need for and Working Towards Fundamental Change," 2 pgs.

"Several Types of Principled Nonviolence and their Defining Characteristics," 2 pgs.  Illuminates variations in nonviolent perspectives.

Sharp, Gene. "Politics of Nonviolent Action," Complicated visual model from: The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Vols. 1-3. Boston: Porter/Sargent, 1984, Vol. 2 lists 198 methods of nonviolent action.

Smith, J. "Cooperative Power of Nonviolence," Nonviolence Today 17 (1990), 2 pgs. From P.O.B. 292 West End via Sth Brisband Qld 4101 Australia. Visual model called "How Power Works," based on the works of Gene Sharp.

"Six Classes of Action in Conflicts", 1pg. Chart catagorizing possible social and political action in conflicts

Some Collected Thoughts on Nonviolence, 10 pgs. Obtain from New Society Books, C/-Diana Pittock, 38 Yackatoon Avenue, Aspendale, Vic., 3195.

"Some Definitions and Dimensions of Social Change," 2 pgs. Defines many terms that are often confused: Violence, nonviolence, unviolence; active, passive nonviolence; social service, social change; resistance, liberation, democratization, humane-ization; and more.

"Strategic Chart." 1pg. After choosing your issue this framework is a giude to developing a strategy.

"Strategy Development Outline," 2pgs. Lists the steps to develope a strategic campaign for change.

"Steps in a Nonviolent Campaign," 1 pg. Six steps. Prepared by IFOR.

* Willoughby, George. "Nonviolent Action: Outline of a Brief Theoretical Framework," 1983, 1 pg. A detailed description of what nonviolence is and what can be expected from it.

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LEGAL HANDOUTS

Clamshell Alliance. "Legal Information for Clamshell Occupiers for April 30th," 2 pgs. Obtain from NI, see above.

Clamshell Alliance. "Supplement to Clamshell Training--Sit-In for Survival," 4 pgs. Obtain from Dion Lerman, see above.

"The Legal Process," 1 pg. A description of legal steps from arrest to sentencing.

MNS. "A Legal Map." Obtain from Shivers, see above. A flowchart of "legal" steps & choices.

People's Energy Clearinghouse. "Representing Yourself," from "National No Nukes Trial Handbook," 120 Boylston Street, Room 1011, Boston, MA 02116, in "June 14 CD Campaign Handbook," 1 pg. Obtain from NI, see above.

Pledge of Resistance. "Jail Solidarity," 2 pgs. Includes a list of nonviolent solidarity tactics. Also "The Legal Process" with a legal flowchart, 4 pgs., in "Basta: A Pledge of Resistance Handbook." See also Event Handbooks.

Pledge of Resistance. "Non-Cooperation," in the "1987 Out and Outraged Trainers Packet," WRL-New England, 1 pg., Obtain from WRL, see above.

"Questions for Affinity Groups," in the "1987 Out and Outraged Trainers Packet," WRL-New England, 2 pgs. Questions to prepare people for legal consequences and choices.

WRL. "Legal Issues/Risking Arrest," 1 pg., "Representing Yourself," 1 pg., "Noncooperation," 1 pg., "Jail Solidarity", 1 pg. and "Serving Time in Jail," 1 pg., from Handbook for Nonviolent Action, 1991. Obtain from WRL, see above.

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PEACEKEEPER HANDOUTS

Act-Up-NY. "Marshals," Act-Up NYC, NY USA. Est. 1992, 1 pg.

Karen Adams, "Pratical Peacekeeping", Nonviolent Teachers' Collective, 1 pg.Feb/Mar 1991, PO BOX 292 West End via Sth Brisbane QLD 4101, Melbourne.

Hoffman, P. J. "A Short Report on Marshaling," Friends Peace Committee, September 22, 1970, pp. 4.

MNS. "For Marshals," 1979, 1 pg. Obtain from Shivers, see above.

Moore, Christopher. "Marshals," from "Rocky Flats Action Group Nonviolence Manual," 1978, in Handbook for Nonviolent Action, 1991, 1 pg. Obtain from WRL, see above.

Nonviolence Training Collective. "Information and Suggestions to Marshals for Take Back the Night! March and Rally, Philadelphia, Sept. 29, 1979," Nonviolence Training Collective, 4722 Baltimore Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19143, 1 pg. Obtain from NI, see above.

Nonviolence Training Collective "Suggestions for Peacekeepers," Nonviolence Training Collective, 4722 Baltimore Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19143, 1 pg. Obtain from NI, see above.

"Peacekeepers," from "Rocky Flats Action Group Nonviolence Manual (1978)," in Handbook for Nonviolent Action, 1991, 1 pg. Obtain from WRL, see above.

Shivers, Lynne. "For Peacekeepers," 1 pg. Obtain from Shivers, see above.

Shivers, Lynne. "Stewards: A Training Manual," pp. 9. Obtain from Shivers, see above.

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AFRIKAANS

Bruwer, Peter. Toepassing van Lydelike Verset: 165 Vorme van Nie-gewelddadige protes. 1993. 47 pgs.

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BURMESE

Yeshua Moser, "Short Manual for Social Activism Training", NI, 1990.

PTUB. "Basic Leadership Seminar." How to organize a trade union.

"Training Outline for Cells Throughout Burma", Political Defiance Committee of the National Council of the Union of Burma, NI, 1993 pp.

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CROATIAN

Howard Clark suggests for Croatian materials, contact < aida.bagic@zamir-zg.ztn.zer.de>. She is responsible for the training programme of the Anti-War Campaign of Croatia.

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FRENCH

For French, good sources are the Mouvement pour Une Alternative Nonviolente. They have produced lots of material and have led workshops in most parts of the French-speaking world. Check also with the Centre Martin Luther King in Lausanne, Switzerland. Av. de Bethusy 56, 1012 Lausanne. Tele: ++41-21-652.27.27, Fax: ++41-21-652.39.23.

The Centre de Ressources sur la non-violence 5770, Cote des Neiges, Montreal, (Qc) H3S 1Y9, CANADA, tel. 514-340-9209. Nous mettons a votre disposition un imposant service de documentation sur la nonviolence et les sujets qui s'y rattachent (2,500 volumes, 35 periodiques, nombreux dossiers.)

Blancs, Peier et Assomptionistes. "La Justice et la Paix par la Non-Violence Active Evangelique," Pastorale des Jeunes et "Justice et Paix." Includes "Les Dix Commandements de la Nonviolence Active Evangelique."

Jean and Hildegard Goss-Mayer, Evangile et Luttes pour la Paix. See also various texts from SERPAJ, mentioned below, concerning nonviolence and liberation theology. From Les Bergers et les Mages, 437, rue de Clichy, 75009 Paris, France.

Jean and Hildegard Goss-Mayer, "Seminaire de Formation dans La Non-Violence Active (pour formateurs)," Quatre Jours, 1994, 3 pgs. A provisional outline for seminars.

Jean-Marie Muller, Strategie de L'Action Non-violent, 1981; plus other works, e.g., on Cezár Chavez and concerning mutual work with Lanzo del Vasto (Comunité de l'Arche).

Theodore Olson and Lynne Shivers, "Enteinement a l'Action Nonviolente". Obtain from WRI, see above. 1971, 65 pp.

P. Provost and J. Villeneuve, Jovons Ensemble: Jeux et Sport Cooperatifs, Quebec: Les Ed. de l'Homme.

Charles Walker, "La Dissuasion Civile" Principes et Methodes de la Resistance Nonviolente dans la Manual de l'Organisateur et de l'Action Directe Nonviolente", 1963.

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GERMAN

For German, some good sources of suggestions might well be the group Kurve Wustrow and in particular Hagen Berndt who makes a living as a trainer. Kurve Wurstrow, Kirchstrasse 14, D-29461 Wustrow, tel: +49 58 43 507, fax: +49 58 53 1405.

"Ausbildungsplan" is a one year training program for Civilian peace Service (CPS) volunteers. (A "Start up phase Civilian Peace Service" is under discussion between Forum Civilian peace Service - the umbrella organization for German NGOs interested in the creation of a CPS- and representative of the major German political parties.)

"Ausbildungsplan - Fuer Freiwillige des Zivilen Friedensdienstes", produced by Forum Ziviler Friedensdienst (3223 Minden, Germany, Postfach 2110), January 1996, 36 pgs. DM 5.00.

"Buckeburg, 17-27 Aug., 1975: Training in Gewaltfreier Aktion," 1975, 48 pgs.

Frankisches Bildungswerk fur Friedensarbeit (FBF). "Deutsch-tschechische Fortbildung Okopadagogik und Gewaltfreiheit," 1995. Ein Qualifizierungsangebot fur LehrerInnen, SozialpadagogInnen und aktive MitarbeiterInnen sozialer Bewegungen.

Frankisches Bildungswerk fur Friedensarbeit (FBF). "Gewaltfreiheit." Obtain from Frankisches Bildungswerk fur Friedensarbeit e.V., HessestraBe 4, Nurnberg, Tele: (49) 0911-288500, Fax: (49) 0911-288514. Description and history of the organization.

Goss-Mayr, Hildegard, ed. Geschenk der Armen an die Reichen, Zeugnisse aus dem gewaltfreien Kampf der erneuerten Kirche in Lateinamerika, Munich-Zurich-Vienna: Europa Verlag, 1980.

Gugel, Gunter. "Gewaltfreie Aktion, Verein fur Freidenspadagogik," 1992. See also related Greenpeace Germany publications from GP Verlag, Vorsetzenstr. 53, Hamburg.

Herngren, Per and Stellan Vinthagen. "Handbok Avrustningslagret i Linkoping," Goteborg: Omega/Avrustningslagret, 1992.

Internationales Freundschaftsheim Buckeburg. "Training fur Trainer in Gewaltfreier Aktion: 5-11 July, 1975," 37 pgs.

Jochheim, Gernot. Gewaltfreie Aktion: Idee und Methoden, Vorbilder und Wirkungen, Organizing manual built from Ph.D. dissertation cited in Abstracts following this bibliography, as rooted in commonly lesser known language, Dutch.

Karl-Heinz und Bittl-Drempetic. "Gewaltfreihandeln mit meher als 200 Ubungen und Beispielen fur die Trainingsarbeit." Obtain from City Verlag, Eberhardshofstr. 17, 90429 Nurnberg, Tele: 0911-266708, Fax: 0911-270238 oder Fankisches Bildungswerk fur Friedensarbeit, Hessestr. 4, 90443 Nurnberg, Tele: 0911-288500, Fax: 0911-288514.

Olson, Theodore and Lynne Shivers. "Bildung fur Gewaltlose Direkte Aktionen," 1971, 62 pgs. Obtain from WRI, see above.

"Trainer und Referenten im Osterreichischen Versohnungsbund," April 1987. Obtain from Andreas Pamperl (Koordinator) im Versohnungsbund, Lederergasse 23/3/27, A-1080 Wein, Tele: 0222-485332.

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HINDI

Various language publications on Shanti Sena or Peace "Military" of India. From Shanti Sena, Rural University Press, Madurai Province, India.

NV training materials also available in several Indian Languages, from, e.g., Sampoorna Kranti Vidyalyaya, Vedchhi 39461, District Sarat, Gujarat, India.

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ITALIAN

Antonino Drago and Gino Stefani, Una Strategia di Pace: La Difesa Popolare Nonviolenta, Fuori Thema & Italian Peace Research Institute, Bologna, Italy, 1989.

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JAPANESE

Mukai, Kou. "What is Non-Violent Direct Action?", 1975 (Original written in 1970). Obtain from War Resisters International Japan Group, 1-6, 1-1307, Asahimachi, Abeno, Osaka JAPAN.

Theodore Olson and Lynne Shivers, "Training in Nonviolent Action". Obtain from WRI, see above, 1971, 30 pp.

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KHMER

IFOR, "Active Nonviolence and Training Materials". From Coalition for Peace and Reconciliation, P.O.B. 144, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

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PORTUGUESE

SERPAJ, A Força da Não-Violência, A Firmeza-Permanente (São Paulo: Coedição Loyola-Vega, 1977). SDS/Edificio Venancio V -- Bloco - sala 313, 70302 Braasilia DF Tel. +55-61-225-8738.

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RUSSIAN

Yeshua Moser, "Short Manual for Social Activism Training", NI, 1989. Right on time.

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SERBIAN

Howard Clark suggests contacting < caa@zamir-bg.ztn.zer.de> - that's the Centre for Anti-War Action. "I know they have translated one book on conflict resolution. Also for Serbian, try < ppm_pancevo@zamir-bg.ztn.zer.de> - that's the Peace Movement of Pancevo. They have certainly translated Friendly Classroom for a Small Planet into Serbian."

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SINHALESE

"Shanti Sena Training". Various versions from Shanti Sena, Gandhi Gram, Madurai Province India, as well as from Sarvodaya in Sri Lanka.

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SPANISH

Alternatives to Violence Program, "AVP Basic Course", 1994, $25, AVP, Inc. P.O. Box 300431 Houston, TX 77230-0431 ,U.S.A., tel. (703)747-9999. Contact Marjorie Kerr, Executive Director at AVPUSA@aol.com. Nonviolence training as a "way of life".

Carlos Martin Beristain, Francesc Riera, Afirmacion y Resistencia: la comunidad como apoyo, Virus, c./ de la Cera, 1bis, 08001 Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain +34 3 329 06 43, 2nd edition 1993. It's mainly descriptions of workshops in Latin America, dealing with questions like fear, etc.

Servicio Paz y Justicia (SERPAJ)-Ecuador, Casilla 17-03-1567, Quito, Ecuador, fax +593-2-230873, or SERPAJ-Chile, Casilla 139, Correo 3, Santiago Chile, tel. +56-2-672-7608. Numerous works from rap sheets to books.

Jean & Hildegard Goss-Mayr, Evangelio y Lucha por la Paz, , Barcelona: Sigueme. Obtain from Apartado 332, 37080 Salamanca, Spain.

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SWEDISH

Per Herngren, Path of Resistance: The Practice of Civil Disobedience, 1993. English translation of title listed here.

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TAMIL

"Shanti Sena Training", available from Sarvodaya, Sri Lanka.

See also publications from Shanti Sena, Rural University Press, Gandhigram, Madurai Province, India, as cited above. The Nonviolent Direct Action Group trains and publishes. PO Box 2, Chavakachcheri, Jaffna, Sri Lanka.

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THAI

Coordinating Group for Religion in Society, "Nonviolence Training". From 495/44 Soi Yoo-omsin, Jaransanitwong Rd., Bangkok 10700, Thailand.

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The WWW version of this bibliography was constructed by Manuel Gracia and Philip Bogdonoff with some help from RTF2HTML. Please send corrections and additions to Nonviolence International at <nonviolence@igc.apc.org>.
Nonviolence International 
P.O. Box 39127 
Friendship Station, N.W. 
Washington, DC 20016 
USA Phone: 202-244-0951 
Fax: 202-244-6396 
E-mail: nonviolence@igc.apc.org 
These pages were constructed by 
Marissa Maurer, James Lugo and 
Nathan Musselman
Last Update: 5 October 98 
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